Uttarakhand (formerly known as Uttaranchal) is a northern state of India which is widely known for its natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. The state is also referred to as ‘Devbhumi’ as it has a large number of Hindu temples and pilgrimage centers. The state capital is the beautiful city of Dehradun, which is also the largest city of Uttarakhand. There is archaeological evidence that supports the existence of human beings in the region since prehistoric times.
Population of Uttarakhand In 2019
According to the census of India, 2011, the population of the state was 10,086,292, making it the 20th most populous Indian state. Looking at the population of the last 5 years, the state population for the year 2019 can be determined (a rough idea).
2014 – 10.17 million
2015 – 10.22 million
2016 – 10.28 million
2017 – 10.32 million
2018 – 10.356 million
Analyzing the increase rate in the population for the past 5 years, we can see that the population of Uttarakhand is increasing at the rate of 0.036 million per year. With this rate, the population for the year 2019 will be 10.356 +0.036 = 10.392 million.
Demography of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand has a multiethnic population spread across Garhwal and Kumaon. 69.77% of the total population resides in the rural areas. A large portion of the population is of Rajputs including members of the native Garhwali, Kumaoni and Gujjar communities. The Brahmins contribute to the 20% of the total population which is the highest percentage of Brahmins in any Indian state. Most of the residents are Hindu along with significant numbers of Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains. About 87.95% of the people speak Hindi, which makes it the sole official language. The second official language of Uttarakhand is Sanskrit.
Population Density and Growth of Uttarakhand
The population density of the state is approx. 189 person/sq. km. The gender ratio is 963 females per 1000 males. As per the 2011 Census of India, 0.83% population of the country is residing on the 1.63% of the land. The census also showed the total population growth from 2001-2011 was 18.8% while the growth in the previous decade was 20.4%. This means that the state has shown a less percentage of decadal population growth as compared to the previous decade.
Facts about Uttarakhand
- The state has a large number of wildlife sanctuaries, national parks (including Jim Corbett National Park) and reserves which is the home of several rare species of plants and animals.
- There are 44 nationally protected monuments in the state and the Oak Grove School is also on the tentative list for World Heritage Sites.
- Gangotri and Yamunotri, the sources of the Ganges and Yamuna, both fall in the upper reaches of the state.
- The state is the house of some of the most beautiful hill stations of the country including Mussoorie, Nainital, Tehri, Almora, Kausani, Bhimtal, Ranikhet, etc.
- It is also a favorite destination for adventure sports, such as bungee jumping, paragliding, skydiving, and rafting.