Created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces during British rule, the state of Uttar Pradesh (renamed in 1950) is counted as the most populous country subdivision in the world. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts and its capital is Lucknow. The two major and sacred rivers of the country, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Allahabad, a city situated in the state and then flow as the Ganges further east. From the west, the state is bordered by Rajasthan, and from northwest Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi, the state is also surrounded by Uttarakhand and Nepal in the north, Bihar in the east, Madhya Pradesh in the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast.
Population of Uttar Pradesh in 2019- A Quick Highlight
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with over 200 million inhabitants. Calculating the population for the year 2019 will not be an easy task, but if we look at the pattern for the last 5 years, we can get a rough idea of what the population will be in 2019.
2014 – 212.6 million
2015 – 215.6 million
2016 – 218.4 million
2017 – 219.24 million
2018 – 221.468 million
Here, we can see that the population of Uttar Pradesh is increasing at the rate of 2.228 million per year. Going at the same rate, the population for the year 2019 can be estimated as 223.696.
Demography of Uttar Pradesh- In Brief
The Uttar Pradesh state is the fourth-largest Indian state of India covering a 7.33% of the total area. The demographic majority in the state is of Hindavi people. The most practiced religion is Hinduism, followed by Islam. A majority of the population (about 91.32%) speaks Hindi. However, different regions have their own dialects. As per the national census conducted in the year, the sex ration of the state was 908 women per 1000 men.
Population Density and Growth of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the most densely populated state in India with an approx. density of 828 people per sq. km. The population growth rate of the state is around 20.09% which is higher than the national rate of 17.64%. With a population of 199,581,477 people as on 1 March 2011, the state had contributed to 16.16% of India’s population. By religion, the population in 2011 was Hindus 79.73%, Muslims 19.26%, Sikhs 0.32%, Christians 0.18%, Jains 0.11%, Buddhists 0.10%, and Others 0.30%
Things You Should Know About Uttar Pradesh
- With an area of 16,583 km2, the state’s forest is the habitat of large and small reptiles, amphibians, fresh-water fish, and crabs.
- The state has access to three World Heritage Sites: the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, and Fatehpur Sikri.
- Owing to its rich and varied topography, vibrant culture, festivals, monuments, ancient places of worship, and viharas, the state experiences the most tourists’ arrival in the country.
- The state is sometimes called the ‘Hindi heartland of India’ and there is a long literary and folk Hindi-language tradition in the state.
- Apart from national festivals, there are many other festivals celebrated in the state such as Lath mar Holi, Taj Mahotsav, etc. which are famous all over India.
Largest City in Uttar Pradesh
You would be quite surprised to know that Uttar Pradesh has 75 districts in total. Lucknow is considered as the largest city in the state. Being the capital of UP, Lucknow holds a number of schools, degree colleges, universities, and research institutions. Beside. the city is also offering very good job opportunities to fresh graduates, 10th and 12th pass students.
UP Literacy Rate
Are you willing to know about the literacy rate of Uttar Pradesh? For your information, it is more than 67%. UP is very near to New Delhi and Uttarakhand. Job opportunities in UP is average except Noida. Noida is the hub of IT sectors having thousands of private sector jobs every year.