Punjab is land of five rivers namely Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. These five rivers divide the state into three regions- Majha, Doaba and Malwa. Punjab is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. Punjab is primarily agriculture-based due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils. Agriculture is the mainstay of Punjab’s economy. The initiative of Green revolution was extended by the people of Punjab. Aside from that Punjab is also known for its sheer brilliance in manufacturing of scientific instruments, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines etc.
Punjabi is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. The main ethnic group are the Punjabis, with Punjabi Sikhs (57.7%) forming the demographic majority, followed by Hindus (38.5%). Punjab shares its capital ‘Chandigarh ‘with Haryana. Although Punjabis report for less than 2.5% of the Indian population, they are one of the most affluent races in India.
Population of Punjab In 2019
As per 2011 Indian Census, the number of inhabitants in Indian Punjab was 27,704,236 at that time.
To check the population of Punjab in 2019, we need to take a brief look at the trend of population in the past 5 years-
- 2014 – 28.7 Million
- 2015 – 29.1 Million
- 2016 – 29.6 Million
- 2017 – 29.9 Million
- 2018 – 30.1 Million
Making a prediction on the population of Punjab for 2019 is not a straightforward task but we can have an idea of it after analyzing the population trend from the year 2014 – 18. From the above trends, we’ve discovered that every year the population increases by 0.2448 approximate Million people. Hence, the population of Punjab in 2019 is forecast to be 30.1688 Million + 0.2448 Million = 30. 4136 Million
Therefore, the population of Punjab in the year 2019 as per estimated data will be 30, 4136 Million.
Punjab Population 2019 –30, 4136 Million (Estimated).
Demography of Punjab
The literacy rate of the state is 75%, with male literacy is 80.44% and female literacy level is 70.73%. As per 2011 census data, the sex proportion of the state was 895 females for 1000 males. It has the second least sex proportion among other states of the nation. Since the state is a horticultural state, a major part of the population lives in rustic village regions. Approximately 62% of the population lives in rural region or suburbs while the other 37.4% are urban residents. Punjab is the only state with Sikh majority in India with approximately 57.69% of population following Sikhism, the second most followed religion is Hinduism.
Population Density and Growth of Punjab
The population density of the state is 551 persons per square kilometer. The population is growing at a better than average rate every year from the time of Independence. The Population of Punjab in 1991 was estimated to be 20.19 million. It has been increased to 27.7 million by the end of 2011. Around 20% of total Population in Punjab comes from different states/localities of India.
State Symbols of Punjab
|Emblem||Lion Capitol of Asoka with Wheat Stem & Crossed Sword|
|Language||Punjabi, Hindi & English|
|Dance||Giddha & Bhangra|
|Tree||Tahli (Indian Rosewood)|
Interesting Facts about Punjab
- Punjab has its International Airport in Amritsar. Chandigarh and Ludhiana have domestic airports. Amritsar has a large railway station. Punjab is well connected with roadways, railways and airways.
- Punjab’s Phulkari artwork has been granted the Geographical Indication tag by Government of India.
- The Golden Temple in Amritsar is known worldwide for organizing the largest langar sewa in the world, where more than 1 lakh people are fed on a daily basis.
- Punjab is known as major wheat producer state in India.
- The climate of Punjab is diverse in nature. It can be to a greater degree cool in winters and incredibly hot in the late spring season.
- Chandigarh and Amritsar are the major centers of Sikh pilgrimage.