Kerala is a beautiful state situated in the south India on the Malabar Coast. By combining all the Malayalam speaking regions, this state was formed on November 1, 1965. The name of the state is derived from two words: Kera (coconut tree in Malayalam) and alam (land); thus “land of coconuts” or Kerala. Kerala is divided into 14 districts and its capital is Thiruvananthapuram. This state is surrounded by the Lakshadweep Sea in the west, Karnataka in the north and northeast, and Tamil Nadu in the east and south.
Population of Kerala in the year 2019
Kerala is the 13th largest state in India, by population. According to the 2011 census, there were a total of 33,387,677 people living in this state. To estimate the population in the year 2019, we have to take a look at the population of Kerala for the last 5 years:
2014 – 35.7 million
2015 – 36 million
2016 – 36.6 million
2017 – 36.96 million
2018 – 37.312 million
It can be seen that the population of Kerala is increasing at the rate of 0.352 million per year. Heading in the same manner, the population in the year 2019 will be 37.312 million + 0.352 million = 37.664 million.
Demography of Kerala
Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1,084 women per 1,000 men in the country. Also, the women are considered the head of a household and they have a much higher standing and influence in the society. In addition to this, the literacy of Kerala is also the highest in the country, 93.91%. Around 31.8 million Keralites are predominantly Malayali. The main and official language here is Malayalam, spoken by around 96.74% of the total population, followed by Tamil (1.87%), Kannada (0.26%), Konkani (0.19%) and others (0.94%).
Population Density and Growth of Kerala
2.76% of the India’s total population resides in Kerala. With an area of 38,863 km2 and a population of around 37 million, the density of the population in Kerala is approximately 859 persons per sq. km. As compared to the national average density of 370 persons per sq. km., the density of the state is 3 times higher. As in 2011, Thiruvananthapuram was the most populous city of Kerala. The population of Kerala between 1951 and 1991 added 15.6 million people to reach 29.1 million residents in 1991, which almost more than doubled the population. However, the rate of population growth is lowest in Kerala as compared to other Indian states.
Facts about Kerala
- The literacy rate, the life expectance, the sex ratio, human development index (HDI), all are highest in Kerala as compared to the rest of the country.
- Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions.
- The state is the home to the largest domesticated population of elephants in the country. There are about 700 Indian elephants, owned by temples and individuals as well.
- The classical dance forms of Kerala such as Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Koodiyattom, Thullal and Krishnanattam are highly popular.
- The state has been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE and in the 15th century the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala.