On November 15, 2000, the southern part of Bihar was carved out to form a state called Jharkhand. This state is surrounded by Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. The capital city is Ranchi and Dumka is sub-capital of the state. The total area of the state is 79,710 sq. km. with a population of 32.96 million residing in it.
Population of Jharkhand in the year 2019
According to the 2011 census, the total population of Jharkhand is 32.96 million. To calculate the population of the year 2019, we have to see the pattern of population growth that has occurred in the last 5 years. The population of the state from the year 2014 to 2018 is given as:
2014 – 34.8 million
2015 – 35.2 million
2016 – 35.7 million
2017 – 36.06 million
2018 – 36.372 million
Thus, it can be said that the population of Jharkhand is growing at the rate of 0.312 million person per year. Growing at the same pace, the population in the year 2019 will be 36.372 million + 0.312 million = 36.684 million. Thus, the estimated population of Jharkhand in the year 2019 will be 36.684 million.
Demography of Jharkhand
The total population of Jharkhand 32.96 million constituted of 16.93 million males and 16.03 million females. The sex ratio is 947 females per 1000 males. The state has a literacy rate of 67.63% and the state capital Ranchi has the highest literacy rate of 77.13%. the official language is Hindi spoken by around 57.56% of the total population in the state. The other major languages Jharkhand is Santali (10.69%), Bengali (9.68%), Urdu (8.63%), Kurukh (3.20%), Mundari (3.19%), Ho (2.90%) and Odia (1.74%). It is primarily a rural state as around 75.95% of the population resides in the rural areas.
Population Density and Growth of Jharkhand
The population density of the state is 414 persons per square kilometer which is higher than the national average of 382 persons per sq. km. The growth in the year 2011 was around 22.42% which was less when compared to the growth rate of 23.19% in the year 2001. As per the 2011 census, the population of Jharkhand contributes to 2.72% of the total Indian population. In the year 2001, this figure was 2.62%.
Facts about Jharkhand
- The state was formed by combining 18 different states that earlier belonged to the state of Bihar.
- The literal meaning of Jharkhand is ‘Bushland’ or ‘The Land of Forest’ as most of the state is enclosed by forest, sustaining population of a number of elephants and tigers.
- A number of rivers pass through the state, Damodar, Brahmani, Koel, Subarnarekha and Kharkairivers being the main.
- The Palamau Tiger Reserves under the Project Tiger encloses a wide variety of flora and fauna, as many as hundreds of species.
- The state also has an International cricket stadium and Tennis Academy and is the home of some brilliant players such as Mahendra Singh Dhoni (cricket), Jaipal Singh (former hockey player) and Deepika Kumari (gold medal winner of Commonwealth Games 2010).