Located majorly in the Himalayan Mountains, Jammu and Kashmir (often denoted as J&K) is a northern Indian state. The state shares a border with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. It is the only Indian state with the majority population of Muslims. Jammu is famous for its numerous shrines and Kashmir valley is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape. The summer capital of the state is Srinagar and winter capital is Jammu. The state is separated from Pakistani-administered territories via Line of Control and from Chinese-administered territory via Line of Actual Control.
Jammu and Kashmir Population in the year 2019
As per the census 2011, the total population of the state was 12,541,302. In order to calculate the population of year 2019, we have to take a look at the population of the last 5 years.
2014 – 13.3 million
2015 – 13.6 million
2016 – 13.9 million
2017 – 14.12 million
2018 – 14.324 million
Looking at the growth rate, we can say that the population of the state has been increasing at the rate of 0.204 million per year. Increasing at the same pace, the population of Jammu & Kashmir in the year 2019 will be 14.324 million + 0.204 million = 14.528 million.
Demography of Jammu and Kashmir
68.3% of the state population practice Islam, followed by Hinduism (28.4%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.9%) and Christianity (0.3%). The proportion of Muslims fell to 64.19% by 1981 but recovered afterward, reaching 68.31% again by 2011. The major ethnic group includes Kashmiris, Bakarwals / Gujjars, Dogras, Ladakhis, and Paharis. Urdu written in the Persian script is the official language of the state. The other major language of the state includes Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi, Dogri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Gojri, Balti, Shina and Pashto. The sex ratio is 889 females per 1000 males and the literacy rate is 67.16%.
Density and Population Growth of Jammu and Kashmir
The population density of Jammu and Kashmir is 56 persons per sq. km. The population of the state was 12.54 million in the year 2011 which showed an increase for the population of 10.1 millions in the year 2001. As per the 2011 census, there were 6,640,662 male and 5,900,640 female in the state. The total growth in this decade was 23.64% which was lower as compared to the 29.04% growth in the previous decade (2001).
Facts about Jammu and Kashmir
- The shrines of Jammu attract thousands of Hindu pilgrims every year and the region of Ladakh is known for its mountain beauty, which is also a famous tourist spot.
- Jammu and Kashmir is famous for its valleys and the major valleys include the Kashmir Valley, Chenab Valley, Sind Valley, Poonch Valley, Tawi Valley, and Lidder Valley.
- It is the only Indian state which has its own official state flag along with national flag and constitution.
- With an average altitude of 5,753 metres (18,875 ft) above sea-level, the Siachen Glacier located in Jammu and Kashmir is 76 km (47 mi) long making it the longest Himalayan glacier. Other than this, the state is a home to several other glaciers.
- The region of Ladakh is famous for its unique Indo-Tibetan culture. Chanting in Sanskrit and Tibetan language forms an integral part of Ladakh’s Buddhist lifestyle.