Haryana which literally means ‘Abode of God’ is a state that lies in north-central India. The city of Chandigarh, within the Chandigarh union territory, serves as the capital of not only that territory but also of the states of Haryana and Punjab.
Haryana was formed on 1 November 1966, as an outcome of the partition of state of Punjab into two separate states—Punjabi-speaking Punjab and Hindi-speaking Haryana.
Geographical Location: It is surrounded on the northwest by the state of Punjab and the union territory of Chandigarh, on the north and northeast by the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, on the east by the state of Uttar Pradesh and the union territory of Delhi, and on the south and southwest by the state of Rajasthan.
The climate of Haryana varies from Arid to Semi Arid usually but during winter the temperature could drop below the freezing point. From vegetation point of view, it has less to offer since there is little natural vegetation available.
Population of Haryana In 2019
The 2011 Census indicates that Haryana holds Hindus (87.45%) in majority and rest of the population belongs to either from Sikh (4.91%) community or from Muslims community (7.03%).
To know the latest data on population, we will have to take a glance at the population trend in the last 5 years. Here’s the data on population from 2014 to 2018-
- 2014 – 26.5 Million
- 2015 – 9 Million
- 2016 – 76 Million
- 2017 – 96 Million
- 2018 – 332 Million
Since accurate prediction of population is not something that can be achieved easily, we can still get an idea of the latest figure with the help of thorough analysis of past population trends. On analyzing the given data, we found that every year the population increases by approximate 0.327 Million people. Hence, the population of Haryana in 2019 is projected to be 28.332 Million + 0.327 Million = 28.659 Million.
Hence, the population of Haryana in the year 2019 as per estimated data will be 28.659 Million.
Haryana Population 2019 –28.659 Million (Estimated).
Demography of Haryana
Jaats are in the dominant position in the state with about 25% population. Out of 80 varied castes, 63 castes have been informed as a Scheduled Caste or Backward Class in the state. In terms of reservation limit, it remains at 47%. Muslims are essentially found in the Mewat and Yamuna Nagar regions, while Sikhs live generally in the region abutting Punjab, and Sirsa. In terms of Religion, 87.45% of population follows Hinduism and rest follow Islam and Sikhism respectively.
Population Density and Growth of Haryana
The population density is 573 persons per square kilometer. Compared to 28.43% in the 1991-2001 periods, Haryana has recorded a population development of 19.90% in the midst of 2001-2011 when stood out from 28.43% in the prior decade of 1991-2001. The share of its population in the country’s total population has extended from 2.06 to 2.09%.
While the total population has risen from 21,144,564 in 2001 to 25,351,462 in 2011, the number of males has gone up from 11,363,953 to 13,494,734 in the year 2011. Similarly, the number of females shot up from 9,780,611 to 11,856,728 in 2011.
State Symbols of Haryana
Interesting Facts about Haryana
- Haryana is the largest manufacturer of passenger cars, two-wheelers, and tractors in India. The Maruti Udyog Limited, India’s largest automobiles manufacturer and Hero Honda the world’s largest manufacturer of two-wheelers has their manufacturing plants in Haryana.
- The temperature of the state sways between 15 degree Celsius to 5 Celsius amid winter and 15 degree Celsius to 45 degree Celsius amid the mid year.
- It is connected well through railroads and road framework as well as through air routes.
- Haryana is seen as one of the wealthier states of the nation. A significant part of the cultivating, vehicles and distinctive businesses are based in Haryana.
- Faridabad is the largest city of Haryana.
- Haryana is the first state in India to achieve 100% rural electrification.
- Haryana is the largest exporter of Basmati Rice.