Assam is considered as a doorway to North-East India which is known for its rich and diverse wildlife, authentic traditional cuisine, vibrant dance forms and much more. The Word Assam came from the word asama, meaning “peerless” in the now extinct Ahom language. The history of Assam rightly speaks of the traditions and cultures of the oldest periods of human civilizations.
The Economy of Assam is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites. The state has abundant amount of trees which adds up to its beauty.
Geographical Location: It is located in the northeastern part of the country and is flanked to the north by the kingdom of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh, to the east by the states of Nagaland and Manipur, to the south by the states of Mizoram and Tripura, and to the west by Bangladesh and the states of Meghalaya and West Bengal.
Climate: The climate of Assam is Tropical Monsoon Rainforest which results in Rain & Precipitation during summer and often leads to widespread and destructive flooding. Assam receives Highest Rainfall in the country and occupies a rank among states receiving highest Rainfall globally.
The climate results in reduction in summer temperatures and affecting foggy nights and mornings in winters, frequent during the afternoons.
Population of Assam in 2019
To find out the population of Assam in 2019, we need to investigate the scenario of population in last 5 years –
- 2014 – 32.28 Million
- 2015 –33.41 Million
- 2016 –33.90 Million
- 2017 –34.492 Million
- 2018 –35.0184 Million
Predicting the 2019 population of Assam is not easy but we can get the idea after analyzing the population from the year 2014 – 18. From our observations, we came to the conclusion that every year the population increases by approximate 0.5264 Million people. Hence, the population of Assam in 2019 is forecast to be
35.0184 Million + 0.5264 Million = 35.5448 Million.
So, the population of Assam in the year 2019 as per estimated data is 35.5448 Million.
Assam Population 2019 –35.5448 Million (Estimated).
Demography of Assam
The population in the plains of the Brahmaputra and Barak valleys is mainly of Indo-Iranian ancestry. An important minority of the population consisting rural indigenous peoples are officially nominated as Scheduled Tribes. The Boro group is one such example.
The Assamese Hindus are the greatest community in the state. The number of Assamese Hindus in this state is 11,379,000, containing 36.50% of the state’s population at 2011 assessment. Early pioneers were Austro-Asiatic and Dravidians speakers, followed by Indo-Aryan speakers, Tibeto-Burman. Forty-five languages are spoken by different gatherings, including three important dialects. About one-fourth of the population practices Islam, most Muslims being settlers from Bangladesh or converts from the lower strata of Hindu society.
Population Density and Growth of Assam
The population density of the state of Assam is 398 persons per square kilometer. The growth in this decade according to the census data is 17.07 percent while in previous decade it was 18.85 percent. The population of Assam composes 2.58 % of India in 2011 as compared to 2.59% in 2001.Yet again; female populace outperformed that of the males in the state. Growth in education rate among females came as a pleasant shock. There has been a mind blowing growth rate of Assam in the recent years and it is still progressing.
State Symbols of Assam
Facts about Assam
- India’s largest shaktipeeth “Maa Kamakhya Temple” is in Assam.
- Majuli , the largest river island in the world is in Assam.
- Sualkuchi is a village in Kamrup district is known as “Manchester of Assam” because of its huge cottage and textile industry.
- The kaziranga National Park has world’s highest one horned rhino population.
- Assam is the largest tea producing state in the whole world.
- Assam is famous for its unique Muga silk which is produced only there.
- The AFSPA Act was first imposed in Assam, the only state of India at that time to have such an act and it still continues to be in effect.
- Assam is called Gateway to the Northeast because it is the only state connected to the Siliguri Corridor via NH31.
- Asia’s first mechanically drilled oil well was drilled in Assam in 1867.